JAMAICA CHIK V TOURIST ADVISORY (CHIKUNGUNYA)

Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment

Symptoms

  • Most people infected with chikungunya virus will develop some symptoms. 
  • Symptoms usually begin 3–7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. 
  • The most common symptoms are fever and joint pain. 
  • Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash. 
  • Chikungunya disease does not often result in death, but the symptoms can be severe and disabling. 
  • Most patients feel better within a week. In some people, the joint pain may persist for months. 
  • People at risk for more severe disease include newborns infected around the time of birth, older adults (≥65 years), and people with medical conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or heart disease. 
  • Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections.

Diagnosis

  • The symptoms of chikungunya are similar to those of dengue, another disease spread by mosquitoes.
  • See your doctor if you develop the symptoms described above. 
  • If you have recently traveled, tell your doctor. 
  • Your doctor may order blood tests to look for chikungunya or other similar diseases.

Treatment

  • There is no medicine to treat chikungunya virus infection or disease. 
  • Decrease the symptoms: 
    • Get plenty of rest 
    • Drink fluids to prevent dehydration 
    • Take medicines, such as ibuprofen, naproxen, acetaminophen, or paracetamol, to relieve fever and pain. 

More detailed information can be found on CDC’s chikungunya web page for healthcare providers